It was a risk ahead of the G20 summits that meet on Saturday 30 and Sunday 31 October in Rome. This may be the case during COP26 held in Glasgow. On the sidelines of these two major multilateral meetings, climate talks threatened to degenerate into a confrontation between rich countries and emerging countries. The three countries that are expected to turn around, Xi Jinping’s China, Narendra Modi’s India and Jair Bolsonaro’s Brazil, are three authoritarian leaders who are keen to develop their economies, especially after the pandemic, and assert their sovereignty. to move forward. interests.
“The possibility that they go on crusades, making themselves spokespersons for the poorest countries, especially in Africa, exists. Everything must be done to avoid such cleavage”, observes a Western diplomat familiar with the discussions. This is also one of the reasons why Emmanuel Macron hastened to meet Indian Prime Minister Modi on Saturday, so that “tie it” Climate discussion, as explained by Elysee Palace ahead of the G20.
This issue is even more central to the pinnacle of the planet’s twenty main economies because it is 26 . will expire afterI United Nations Climate Conference. About 30,000 people from 196 countries will gather in Glasgow from 31 October to 12 November for important talks to accelerate the fight against climate change. As the G20 ends, the leaders of the great powers will actually fly from Rome to the Scottish city, where 120 heads of state and government are expected on Monday and Tuesday. Xi Jinping will be absent, but will attend via videoconferencing.
Limit global warming to 1.5°C
“This coincidence is very important. This is where equilibrium can crystallize”, Judge the French Ministry for the Ecological Transition. “A positive outcome will make it possible to reach Glasgow with the hope of being successful in speeding up and controlling global warming”, Alden Meyer, an expert at the E3G think tank and a connoisseur of climate negotiations.
For it to actually serve as a launching pad for the COP, the G20 is expected on a number of issues, a giant puzzle-like conversation whose pieces are still scattered. First, recognize the need to limit global warming to 1.5 °C compared to the pre-industrial era. This is the most ambitious goal of the Paris climate accord, which was sealed in 2015, which also plans to contain global warming. “well below” 2°C The British presidency of COP26 has made this objective its priority: « To survive 1,5 ° C » (“Keep 1.5 °C alive”).
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