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The slow pace of development of renewable sources and a national climate policy are unfortunately still insufficient. In fact, the current National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) allows only a 37% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. Thus the peninsula moves to 30th place in the ranking of climate performance. Germanwatch International Report, created in collaboration with Legambiente for Italy, and which takes into account the climate performance of 60 countries, as well as the European Union, which together represent 92% of global emissions. And so for our peninsula, which since last summer has collected awards, accolades and medals in various fields and regions, comes the first “cold shower”.
Scandinavian countries do better than us: Denmark, Sweden and Norway rank fourth to sixth, thanks to their great commitment to the development of renewable energy above all. However, it should be remembered that this year also the first three positions in the ranking were not attributed, as none of the countries achieved the required performance for it.
However, at the bottom of the ranking we find exporting countries and users of fossil fuels such as Saudi Arabia, Canada, Australia and Russia. Climate performance is measured through the Climate Change Performance Index.CCPI), taking as a benchmark the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the commitments made by 2030. The CCPI is based for 40% on emissions trends, 20% on developments for both renewable and energy efficiency, and the remaining 20%. on climate policy.
Worrying news coming in the second crucial week of Cop26 in Glasgow is Italy’s slip to 30th place. To keep global warming within the critical range of 1.5 °C, the years between now and 2030 will be critical, as we have reiterated in the recent past. in youth demonstrations Held in a Scottish city.
Our country must have the courage to focus on more ambitious environmental policies by taking concrete and immediate action starting with the next budget legislation, starting to radically and daringly reducing subsidies for fossil fuels, and approving those simplifications. which are still missing, as well as strengthening public controls to prevent criminal and eco-crime intrusions on construction sites. We also need more energy communities, wind farms, circular economy, electric mobility, production cycles that no longer consume fossil fuels.
Other action that must be taken relates to the updating of the PNIEC to ensure our climate-changing emissions reductions are in line with the 1.5°C target of at least 65% by 2030. Hence, going well beyond the target of 51% projected by the PNRR and confirming the phase-out of coal by 2025 without resorting to new gas plants.
In addition, we must not forget that our country has 70 billion available for environmental transition, allocated by the PNRR, to invest in addressing the pandemic crisis and tackling the climate emergency, based on ambitious climate action green recovery. able to bridge through. To delay the PNIEC and accelerate the decarbonization of the Italian economy in line with the 1.5 °C target of the Paris Agreement. Only in this way can Italy become a hero in a shared commitment to tackling the climate emergency in Europe.
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