Ali G20 Environment Naples’ success and failure go hand in hand. That’s why? like powers China And not only do they hold back from more ambitious goals, but they highlight the differences between the greats of the planet.
However, it is true that the last official statement was evaluated as historical, given that it brings together – at least in intent – a very large number of countries on important topics such as BiodiversityIcircular economy, ns permanent finance.
carbon neutrality I Global warming In any case, there are still knots to be solved: because the brakes came on top of these issues China? issues of economic opportunity.
China – and beyond – against stop coal in 2025
Tired and unsuccessful talks at the G20 Ambiente in Naples. The pattern has repeated itself: on the one hand, the European Union and the US bloc, on the other China, RussiaIndia and other emerging nations.
Why has Beijing banned decarbonization until 2050? The ambitious target against pollution is seen as too fast for countries that are still strongly committed to economic development.
One figure will suffice to understand how world powers are progressing in the field of carbon neutrality: China emitted +204% of CO2 from 2000 to 2019, while negative percentages came from the US and the EU (-12%, respectively). and -21%).
India also recorded an increase in pollution emissions in the period under consideration: +167%.
Huge countries, which are still unwilling to finance the transition. On the other hand, last September, Chinese President Xi Jinping said that his country was at the peak of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.
as well Russia, Saudi Arab I Indonesia they were cold at the acceleration of decarbonizazione.
For example, the Indonesian country represents the eighth world source of country carbon emission And its neutrality plan more or less follows Chinese times. According to Tokorda Nirarta Samadhi, director of the Indonesian office world resource institutethe nation needs “Committed to stopping investment in new coal plants and achieving zero deforestation by 2030.”
Ale’Saudi ArabFor its part, heavily reliant on oil.
In this context, the race for zero carbon emissions has been postponed.
No G20 agreement on global warming
The second point that remained open in Naples was the . The corresponding formulation was in the range of 1.5-2 °C over an increase in global temperature.
The world average temperature has already risen by more than 1 degree above the pre-industrial baseline used by scientists and is on its way to break the 1.5-2 degree range.
“Some countries wanted to move to Paris faster than agreed and aim to limit temperatures to 1.5 degrees within a decade, but others, depending on the economies of the greater Carbon, said that they abide by the agreement reached in Paris “, explained Italian Minister Cingolani.
World leaders will gather for the COP26 climate change summit in Glasgow, Scotland from 1-12 November. The event promises to be important and many hope that it will serve as a catalyst for a sustainable agenda for even the most skeptical governments.