Two-thirds of the world’s biodiversity has been lost in the last 50 years. About 40 percent of plant species are critically endangered, and scientists fear we may disappear faster than we can find, name and research them.
Our world exists in a delicate balance, but it is threatened by species extinction and climate change. According to experts, restoring this natural mosaic of interrelated species is important for the health of the planet and our own future.
Plantation programs, proactive nature conservation measures and high-tech carbon sequestration solutions aim to help tackle biodiversity loss and climate crisis.
A growing number of people believe that the only way to restore what we have lost is to heal ourselves by relying on nature – a process known as rewinding.
For some this is a controversial subject, they reject breeding of wild animals such as the wolf or the Eurasian genx.
However, this modern conservation movement has received special resonance in a European nation.
What is “reviding”?
“Revealing” is based on the principle that nature knows best how to protect itself.
But because of the damage we have already done to him, he needs support to protect himself. Throughout Europe we have lost enormous amounts of native flora and fauna which are essential for the balance of our ecosystem.
To make our environment vulnerable again, we have to create the right conditions. This can be done through measures such as reintroducing endangered species, regenerating forests and preventing the disintegration of rivers. The reconstructed ecosystem can provide a new habitat to threatened animal and plant species.
The theory is that by nudging nature a little and then retreating, we can prevent the incredible loss of biodiversity and the worsening climate crisis.
A classic example of the success of Rewilding can be found in Yellowstone National Park in the United States. When wolves were hunted to near extinction in the early 20th century, their favorite prey increased by leaps and bounds. The number of moose increased so much that the habitat was completely uprooted.
Aspen and willow tree populations suffered from animal invasions, they often failed to grow their full size and grow seeds. This in turn meant that the lyricists had lost their habitat and the beavers did not have much material to build their dams. The river banks began to fade, the water temperature rose without the natural shade of the trees. The loss of wolves in Yellowstone National Park caused a powerful impact on the entire ecosystem of the park.
In 1995, 14 wolves were captured from Jasper National Park in Canada and brought to the United States by rangers. After a period of using them, they were released into the park – an attempt to replace animals that had been hunted for centuries.
Over the next 20 years, their numbers increased and the renewed presence of this important predator for the ecosystem brought the balance back to Yellowstone. Today, resurgence is seen as a model of how small steps can help us destroy the natural environment.
World’s first rewild nation
Revolving has become an increasingly popular movement in Scotland in recent years. Scottish Revolving Alliance (SWA) The call of politicians is to develop a strategy that will make the country the first “nation” in the world.
For the Scottish Parliamentary elections next month, the SWA wants to see a solid commitment from political parties to tackle natural and climate crises and generate employment in rural communities. Allianz believes that rewiring should be part of these commitments.
Political parties and the public are faced with many choices in this election, including important decisions that will shape the future of Scotland’s landscape and the sea, “said Steve Micklewright, SWA coordinator.
He said that all political parties are being asked to take five different measures to protect nature and stimulate the economy:
- Liability to relinquish 30 percent of public land
- Establishment of community funds to support greening again in cities and communities.
- Assisting in the re-creation and re-production of major species such as beaver and Eurasian lanks at places where there is local support
- Construction of coastal area where dredging and trolling is not allowed
- Establish a deer population control scheme so that the land can recover from overflow
The Scottish public also supports this idea. Last year SWA launched a survey across Scotland showing widespread support for the principle of rewiring. More than three quarters of the people who gave their opinion supported the concept, ten times more than those who opposed it.
“We know that the public expects real progress from politicians, and we encourage people to consider these issues when looking at the party’s election manifesto,” Micklewright said.
“The opportunities here are worth considering – for our climate, biodiversity and the potential social and economic benefits that come with making Scotland the world’s first rebel nation.”
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