The Orion Nebula is 1,500 light-years from Earth and is located Orion belt in Orion constellation. It is a bright nebula – and on a clear, dark night it is visible to the naked eye. The nebula is the closest star-directed region to Earth.
The Hubble Space Telescope was launched from the space shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990.
Hubble has given us many images of our neighbor Mars. The image was taken in 2003 when Mars made its closest approach in nearly 60,000 years. As of August 27, 2003, there were only 34.6 million miles from center to center between the two worlds. In contrast, Mars may be about 249 million miles from Earth.
Hubble was spotted looking down at Jupiter in 2007. Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system, and is even larger than Mercury.
Hubble obtained this image of Saturn in 2004, the scene was so intense that some small rings of the planet appear.
This 1997 photo shows Hubble Trek clouds over Uranus. The image is a combination of three closely infrared images. The planet’s rings are prominent in the nearby infrared. The eighth 27 moons of Uranus can be seen in both images. Uranus is about 1.75 billion miles from Earth.
Hube captured this image of Neptune in the distant blue-green world in 2005. Fourteen different color filters were used to help scientists learn more about Neptune’s atmosphere. Neptune is about 2.8 billion miles from Earth.
Hubble discovered four of Pluto’s five moons. 2005: Knicks and Hydra are found. Hubble discovered Kerberos in 2011 and Styx in 2012. The new discovery was made in Pluto’s big moon, Charn, which was discovered in 1978. Scientists used the Highbull, which flew by Pluto in July 2015, to explore potential threats to the New Horizon spacecraft. Pluto is about 2.9 billion miles from Earth.
The iconic Horseshoe Nebula is a favorite destination for astronomers. Look carefully and you will see that it looks like the head of a horse standing in the stars. This Hubble image captures the nebula in infrared wavelengths. The nebula is 1,600 light-years from Earth.
A cat’s eye nebula is a mass of glowing gases released into space by a dead star. This Hubble Space Telescope image shows details of structures, including high-speed gas jets and unusual gas nodes. This color picture is a combination of three images taken at different wavelengths. The nebula is estimated to be 1000 years old. It is about 3,000 light years from Earth in the Draco constellation.
A bug or butterfly nebula looks like a butterfly with wings spread across the galaxy. It is actually a cloud of shading gas through a dead star. Scientists say the gas is more than 36,000 degrees Fahrenheit and travels more than 1,000,000 miles in space in an hour. This image was taken with Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3, a camera installed on Hubble during the May 2009 upgrade by shuttle astronauts. The nebula in the constellation My Scorpio is about 3,800 light years away.
Astronomers combined several Hubble images taken in 2014 to create an upgraded view of Hubble’s iconic 1995 “Columns of Creation” image. The new image shows a wide view of the pillars, which extend to about 5 light-years. The pillars are part of a small area of the Eagle Nebula, about 6,500 light years from Earth.
This giant nebula is 7,500 light years from Earth in the constellation Carina. It is one of the largest and brightest nebulae and is the nursery of new stars. It also contains many stars estimated to be at least 50 to 100 times the mass of our Sun, including Eta Carrie, a bright star and one of the largest stars in the Milky Way galaxy.
One of our galaxy’s closest neighbors, the Andromeda Galaxy, can be seen with the naked eye if you know where to look on a clear, dark night. In 2012, scientists using Hubble data predicted that Andromeda would collide with the galaxy in about four billion years. Andromeda is 2.5 million light years from Earth.
The Cigar Galaxy is 12 million light years away. It gets its name from its shape: from the earth it looks like an elongated elliptical disk.
It’s called the Absolute Photogenic Galaxy: The Sombrero Galaxy looks like the giant broad rim of a Mexican hat seated among the stars. It can be spotted using a small telescope. It is about 28 million light years from Earth.
This group of galaxies is about 290 million light years from Earth. It is named after its inventor, the French astronomer Edouard Stephen, who first discovered it in 1877.
Hubble captured this image of a group of interactive galaxies called Arp 273. The larger galaxy has a center disk that is distorted into a rose-like shape by being pulled down by its partner.
In 2004, astronomers unveiled the deepest portraits of the visible universe to date. The million-second-long exposure, known as the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field, shows the first galaxies to emerge shortly after the Big Bang. The image shows approximately 10,000 galaxies. In 2012, astronomers assembled an upgraded image known as the Hubble Extreme Deep Field. It collected 10-year-old photographs of the Hubble Space Telescope, originally taken from the sky patch in the center of the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field. The new image contains about 5,500 galaxies.
This 2018 Hubble picture shows a chaotic nursery full of baby stars, the Lagoon Nebula. At the center of this image, a young star becomes 200,000 times brighter than our Sun from ultraviolet radiation.
The stars also like to blow bubbles. This 2016 image shares the Hubble view of the Bubble Nebula, where a superhot, giant star is blowing a giant bubble into space. The nebula is 7 light-years across.
The conical nebula is a pillar that forms a turbulent star of gas and dust. It is 7 light-years long, but this image taken by Hubble in 2002 shows the top 2.5 light-years (equivalent to 23 million round trips to the moon). Hydrogen gas emits a peculiar red glow due to ultraviolet radiation.
This is a detailed view of the section of the remnants of a slowly expanding supernova or scattered star. Hubble took this image of the nebula 2,100 light-years away in 2015. The star was once 20 times larger than our Sun, but only the amount of gas left.
In 2009, Naz’s Great Observatories, including the Hubble, Spitzer Space Telescope and Lunar X-ray Observatory, combined their observational powers to create this unprecedented combined image of the center of our galaxy. Infrared and X-ray lights captured by telescopes can be seen here. Hubble’s contributions are yellow, Spitzer’s observations are red and the moon is blue and violet.
Hubble also teamed up with Spitzer in 2006 to create this stunning image of the Orion Nebula. The image combines visible, infrared and ultraviolet light. The community of giant stars is reflected by the color yellow.
Hubble captured this view of the halo of light extending around the Star V838 monocerotis in 2004.
The M83 is the closest spiral galaxy, and this 2014 Hubble image showcases thousands of its stars and supernova remnants. Young stars can be seen in pink bubbles of hydrogen gas.
This infrared light image taken by Hubble in 2014 shows the Monkey Head Nebula, where Starburth is 6,400 light-years away from us. Dust clouds and glowing gases move together here, representing the elements that make up the formation of stars.
This huge ultraviolet light observation was taken by Eta Kerry’s star in 2019 by Hubble. This star is one of the two largest orbits. It is believed to be a violent attack, as evidenced by the bubbles.
Fireworks are even more beautiful in space. Hubble captured this image of a huge cluster of 3,000 stars in 2015. It is called Westerland 2, located 20,000 light-years from Earth.
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