Regardless of whether they are large or small in size, all nuclear fusion reactors They have only one goal.
Importance of magnets in nuclear fusion
These scientists have been working for years on both the fusion reactor design and this new magnet, called ARC. The radius of the reactor is 3.3 m and it is sought to achieve recreate the same conditions that exist inside the sun, thus releasing huge amounts of clean energy.
Hydrogen, deuterium and tritium isotopes are superheated to form a plasma which must then be suspended and prevented from moving towards walls or other solid material. to get this, Magnets are very important.
That’s why scientists have always tried to find a Magnetic technology that makes a difference and avoid this problem.
These magnets become superconductors When cooled to -260 degreesBut the ARC scientists wanted a superconducting magnet that operated at high temperatures to create a very large magnetic field in a small space.
To start the development, he used a type of flat tape similar to reels. For years, it’s been working turn said tape into a high powered magnet To use in a test instrument.
The end result is a magnet that uses 267 kilometers of superconducting tape to form 16 plates stacked together. This magnet becomes superconducting and creates a strong magnetic field When it cools down to about -250 degrees.
a historic success
so, like this Such a superconducting magnet was created. During various experiments done with it, the magnet was gradually extended and a 20 tesla force record, The most powerful magnetic field ever achieved is being achieved using a fusion magnet.
Therefore, the magnet was able to create a magnetic field greater than that, which is the size of a reactor. 40 times bigger Compared to the instrument used for testing, called SPARC.
With magnets innovating and applying all the knowledge known so far, it has become more than enough To revolutionize nuclear fusion.
No one has yet succeeded in building a nuclear fusion reactor that generates more energy than is needed to do work, but this discovery, along with the new superconducting magnet, could get us closer to it, something that would be historic.
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