19th-Century Beer Discovered on the Bottom of the Sea in Scotland: Yeast Is Alive

19th-Century Beer Discovered on the Bottom of the Sea in Scotland: Yeast Is Alive

When the diver pushed himself into the hatch in the submerged catch, he found a timeless treasure. Not one torn chest full of coins and treasures, but hundreds of glass beer bottles, partially buried in silt. The beers were down there for over 100 years, all standing side by side. This was reported by the BBC, which reconstructed their movements during the search by explorer Steve Hickman, a diving technician and amateur diver. As he carried the first bottle from where he had put it, the sediment drifted into huge clouds. With visibility down to zero, Hickman continued to search for other bottles in the dark.

The wreck in question is the Wallachia, a cargo ship that sank off the Scottish coast in 1895 after a collision with another ship in fog. Wallachia had left Glasgow and was full of various wells in use at the time, including large containers of a chemical called tin chloride. But there were also thousands of bottles of wine in the ship. Many of them have apparently been preserved in the cold waters where the ship lay at sea for more than a century.

Since he began diving into Wallachia in the 1980s, Hickman has also recovered dozens of bottles containing whiskey, gin, and beer. The recovered beer bottles were handed over to scientists at a research company called BrewLab, who, together with colleagues from the University of Sunderland, were able to extract live yeast from the liquid inside the three bottles. He then used that yeast in an attempt to recreate the original beer. Unusual yeast may have applications in modern brewing and “make today’s beers even better.”

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This is just one example of a growing area of ​​research among brewers and other liquid fermenters looking to forgotten strains of yeast in the hope that they can be put to good use. However the beers, found by Hickman by his own admission, “smells atrocious, kind of salty, rotten.”

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