Has written a letter to the President of Mexico Pope Francis To apologize for the Catholic Church’s role in the oppression of the Indigenous people in the Spanish conquest years ago.
The request was made in a two-page letter asking for the same Vatican To temporarily return several ancient indigenous manuscripts kept in its library, before the completion of the next 500 years of the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
The letter is dated October 2, but was posted on the Twitter page of President Andres Manuel López Obrador on Saturday, the same day Mexico City officials decided to remove a statue of Christopher Columbus threatening to knock down protesters.
The letter was delivered to the Pope by Beatrice Guterres Müller, wife of López Obrador, who met with him at the Vatican on Friday after meeting with Italian President Sergio Materella.
López Obrador said the Spanish Crown, the Spanish government and the Vatican should apologize to the natives for the “most heinous atrocities” committed since the Spanish conquerors Mexico In 1521.
“They deserve a liberal attitude not only in our party, but also a sincere commitment that will not again commit disrespectful acts against their beliefs and cultures.”
The Catholic Church played a major role in colonizing Spain America And spread his empire, organizing missions to convert the indigenous people to Christianity.
The pope apologized to Bolivia in 2015 for the role of the church in Latin America during the Spanish colonial era.
In a letter to the Vatican this month, López Obrador called for the return of three codices, including the Codex Borgia, especially the colorful screen-folded book that spans dozens of pages, describing the deities and rituals of ancient central Mexico.
The pre-conquest is an excellent preserved example of Aztec-style writing, which in colonial-era Mexico was abolished by Catholic authorities as a work of the devil and burned hundreds or even thousands in subsequent decades. Conquest of 1521.
Lopez Obrador urges the Vatican to codex Borgia, two other ancient Codicos, as well as its maps The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan For a one-year loan in 2021.
The nationalist president is planning a series of events to celebrate next year.
The Vatican has not yet responded to the request, but its museums and archives have in the past provided various manuscripts and works of art following similar requests from other countries.
In Mexico City on Saturday, authorities removed a statue of Christopher Columbus two days before protesters planned to knock him down during events celebrating the arrival of the Italian navigator in the United States.
The Ministry of Culture said the statue was removed from Reform Avenue at the request of city officials, adding that it has been taken down for a restoration installation.
Activist groups staged a protest on Monday, October 12, 1492, the date of Columbus’ arrival in the United States, “We will knock it down.”
In Mexico, the country celebrates the date as Dia de la Raza (Race Day), in recognition of the mixed indigenous and European heritage.
Mayor Claudia Shenbum said the statue could be returned once the restoration work is completed. “Maybe it will be worthwhile … a collective reflection on what (Columbus) represents, especially towards next year,” he said at a press conference.
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