Despite the overall reduction in the number of nuclear weapons, nuclear powers deployed more such weapons as part of their operational forces in 2020. about this it is called In the report of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
Analysts estimate that by early 2021, the nine nuclear states – Russia, the United States, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea – had 13,080 nuclear weapons, compared to a total of 13,400 in their arsenals in 2020. There were units. However, in the composition of their operational units from 2020 to 2021, the number of warheads increased from 3,720 to 3,825 units.
Russia and the United States added about 50 warheads to their operational deployment during the year. At the same time, Russia has increased its nuclear arsenal to about 180 warheads via intercontinental ballistic missiles with multiple warheads, as well as sea-launched ballistic missiles.
June 13 became knownThat NATO countries are planning to abandon the deployment of land-based nuclear missiles in Europe. The statement is contained in a draft communiqué, which will be published after the NATO summit in Brussels on June 14. Defense News reported that abandoning the deployment of nuclear missiles is seen as a way to de-escalate tensions with Russia and as a starting point for arms control talks at a meeting in Geneva on June 16. .
Russia in 2020 Returned Among the top five countries with the highest military spending. Analysts at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) estimate Russia to be fourth with $65.1 billion (3.9 percent of GDP). Growth was 4.5 percent. The leaders of the ratings were the United States ($732 billion), China (261 billion) and India ($71.1 billion).
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