JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) – Tasmanian devils, carnivorous marsupials, whose small and insolent predatory animals have gained cartoon fame, have returned to mainland Australia for the first time in nearly 1,000,000 years.
Liz Gabriel, director of the defense group ie Sea Arch, said: “Seeing the devils being left in the wild landscape – it’s really an emotional moment. “
About 190 kilometers (120 miles) north of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, after being released from a round, white cage at the nearly 1,000-acre Barrington Tops Wildlife Sanctuary, 11 recently released devils begin searching for their new home.
Tasmanian devils before the arrival of Europeans, once called Sarcophilus devilish or “devil’s flesh-lover”. Scientists believe that the introduction of carnivorous dingoos, the increase in the indigenous human population and the prolonged devastating dry season caused by El Niનોo caused the devil to relocate to present-day Tasmania, said University of Tasmania ecologist Manna Jones.
“I don’t think any of these three factors alone would have caused the extinction – but together with those three, the devil became extinct on the mainland,” he said.
Devils have been protected in Australia since 1941, and conservationists have worked for years to stimulate their populations, citing their importance as top predators that can suppress aggressive species such as foxes and feral cats, and in turn protect small species and biodiversity.
The biggest blow to conservation efforts came in the 1990s, when the cancer known as the Devil’s Facial Tumor – which passes between the devils during intercourse and causes large tumors to prevent them from eating – the population has shrunk to about 140,000. 20,000.
In response, researchers established an insurance population of cancer-free devils in wild-type closed houses in the Australian island state of Tasmania. But the mammals that will be released in July and September have a protective covering for the fetus – all of which have tested negative for infectious cancer – released on the mainland in a protected wild landscape.
Gabriel said the purpose of the USS Arc is primarily to keep devils in unsafe areas of land Australia, hoping the devils will contribute to controlling the cat and fox population.
Some experts question the level of impact expected in the introduction.
Tas Australian defense expert Nick Mooney, who has worked with Tasmanian devils for nearly ૦ 0 years, said that in competition with the streets, instead of relying on Carian, Ferral Filans goes back in search of food.
“The argument is that by placing the devils in a situation where you prevent other carnivores from being controlled, animals like cats and foxes will simply start hunting. You can really create a defense problem where it didn’t before, “Mooney said.
There is also the matter of reputation. While devils feed on small mammals, they are also known to eat carcasses of cattle-sheep, potentially making them a nuisance to farmers.
“When you make big interventions like this you need to buy from the community, especially from the affected people in the community.” “There needs to be a consultation.”
For now, Devils released this year and those who expect to be released in the coming years will not go into the woods yet. Instead they will get supplemental food and be monitored by remote cameras, some devils are tagged with GPS trackers, to learn more about how they adjust to their new environment.
“We dream of many more sanctuaries with devils in them and are really increasing the number of species to protect those species, but also the animals in the surrounding environment.” “This is just the beginning.”
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