The inscription for 2020 was recently announced in the representative list of humanity’s intangible cultural heritage of two Italian traditions: the traditional element (including France) and “the musical art” hunting horn players “,” the art of glass beads. An international element (including Belgium, France, Luxembourg).
It is a recognition for Horn players that Piedmontese “seems”. The candidacy, presented by Italy, France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg, actually began with the Palazina de Cassia di Stupinigi in 2014 and its crew at St’Auberto Academy and Regia Vanaria as its soul. The musical tradition of hunting horns in Europe extended to northern Italy. “This recognition directly concerns our region, commented Vittoria Pogiago, Counselor for the Culture of the Piedmont Region – and Piedmont, Architecture, Natural, has added to the many UNESCO awards received by Gastronomic, the uniqueness of contributing to their growth with.” For Glass Beads, candidacy was filed by Italy and France as leader of Italy, and proposed to the Italian side by the community of Venetian pearls represented by the Committee for the Protection of the Art of Venetian Beads. The French part, represented by the Association des Perellers d’art de France, by the community of French beads. This is the first registration of an abstract element in the UNESCO list for the city of Venice.
The art of glass beads is closely linked to the mastery of fire, a material of knowledge and wealth, glass, and an element. This art brings together shared knowledge and embodied techniques, specifically referring to artisan processes and tools and involves various processing stages. The candidature is known not only on the social and cultural implications of this art, but also on the manufactured object.
UNESCO has till date been recognized as an intangible heritage 549 elements in 127 countries around the world.
A cultural heritage includes not only collections of monuments and objects, but also of all living traditions transmitted by our ancestors: oral expressions including language, performance arts, social practices, rituals and festivals, knowledge and practice about nature and the universe. . Traditional craftsmanship. This intangible cultural heritage is fundamental in maintaining cultural diversity in the face of globalization and its understanding helps in mutual dialogue and promotes mutual respect for different ways of living. Its importance lies not only in cultural expression, but in the wealth of knowledge and skill that is transmitted from one generation to another.
One of UNESCO’s own priority objectives is the implementation of measures in favor of the transmission of intangible cultural heritage between generations, and for this reason in 2003 it adopted the Convention for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage., Confirmed by Italy in 2007, which provides a series of procedures for the identification, documentation, preservation, protection, promotion and enhancement of intangible cultural property.
Under the Convention, two lists of intangible assets are established:
– Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity), which helps to showcase the diversity of intangible heritage and raise awareness of its importance;
– List of intangible inheritance in need of immediate protection (List of intangible cultural heritage in need of immediate protection), which aims to mobilize international cooperation and provide support to stakeholders to take appropriate measures.
With this Register for good safety practice (Register of Best Safeguarding Practices), which includes programs, projects and activities that best reflect the principles and objectives of the Convention.
On 17 December, Finland also received its first recognition by UNESCO, included in the Finnish Sauna’s list of the above intangible cultural heritage, with its culture, a decision taken by an intergovernmental committee composed of representatives from parties from 24 states .
The sauna culture in Finland is strong and vibrant. Membership in the UNESCO list means that the country of origin is committed to promoting the living tradition of the Finnish sauna in many ways. In addition to vitality, the continuity of the sauna tradition is protected and the importance of Finnish sauna culture is highlighted as a characteristic of Finnish customs and traditions as well as goodness and democracy. Countless Finnish sauna associations and other communities promoting sauna culture are active in this regard.
“Bathing in the sauna is an integral part of everyday life and celebrations, as well as Finn’s wellbeing and lifestyle; This custom emphasizes equality and mutual respect among people. This will improve our sauna culture worldwide. All hundred bathing men can be proud of it, ”he said Annika Sarikoko, Minister of Science and Culture.
Sauna heat, customs and traditions associated with bathing in a sauna, mantras, beliefs and narrative traditions about sauna are part of this living heritage. About 90% of Finland’s population bathes once a week, a tradition practiced. There are approximately 3.2 million saunas in Finland, so the figures speak for themselves. Families pass on new traditions, as do many Finnish sauna companies and associations.
“Sauna is an important tradition appreciated by the Finns, handed down from one generation to another. The UNESCO inscription is a great honor. In addition, it will further enhance cooperation between industry communities such as sauna companies and associations, ”he said Ritva Omeroluoma Of the Finnish Sauna Society.
Finland ratified the UNESCO Convention for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2013. The Finnish Heritage Agency is responsible for the implementation of the Convention in Finland. Under the Convention, inventions of cultural heritage are placed on both. National and International level. The lists serve to give visibility to living heritage and encourage exchange of good practices between countries.
In Finland, intangible cultural heritage is collected in the Wiki-Inventory for Living Heritage, where it is possible to apply for the National Inventory of Living Heritage. Currently there are 175 items registered in the wiki-list and 64 items in the national list. Finland’s next national candidacy for entry is the tradition of “Fiddling Folk Koustinen” (a folk violin played in Koustein), while Finland shares a multinational bid for the Nordic tradition of ‘clinker boats’ (UNESCO of Intangible Cultural Heritage Superimposed planing boats in the list) construction techniques. Decisions for both these items are expected in December 2021.
Learn more about Finnish sauna culture on the website (in English):
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